Yakgwa refers to Yumilgwa (deep-fried grain cookies) made with wheat flour mixed with honey and sesame oil, pressed in a Yakgwa-pan (Yakgwa frame), and slowly deep-fried. In ancient time, sesame oil and honey used as medicine for children and elders. Due to the ingredient of this, this sweet cookies are called ‘Yakgwa’ (literally ‘Medical Cookies).
Afterwards, the sweets are dipped in syrup or honey to firm up the texture. According to shape, Gungjung-yakgwa (royal court Yakgwa) refers to an elaborate flower-shaped version molded in a Yakgwa frame, while a bite-sized, square-shaped variety in known as Gaegeongmo-Yakgwa.
Yakgwa boasts as a long tradition and is said to have-first been made for Buddhist sacrificial rite. It is one of the most popular sweets that children rush to eat at the end of an ancient rite.